How to Say Rabbit

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The Word for Rabbit in Different Languages

Or...A rabbit by any other name is still a rabbit.

Welcome to the new and improved webpage giving you the word for "rabbit" in different languages. We've had many submissions and updates to the original page, and through the guidance of a local linguist we've regrouped the way that the languages are displayed. We hope that you enjoy the new layout that better shows the similarities between languages in various families.

A note on organization

Languages have now been listed alphabetically according to language family. A language family is a group of languages which derive from a common mother language. For instance, many of the languages of Europe, West Asia, and the Subcontinent (such as German, Russian, Latin, Sanskrit,Persian, Armenian, Greek, etc.) belong to the Indo-European family of languages. Due to the many similarities in pronunciation, grammar, and vocabulary between these languages, linguists believe that there was at one time a single language, called Proto-Indo-European, from which these ultimately derived.

Languages can be further subdivided into branches. For instance, English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Danish, and Norwegian are much more similar to each other than Russian, Polish, Czech, Serbian, and Ukranian. The first set of languages belongs to what is called the Germanic branch, while the second set belongs to the Slavic branch. Yet they are all Indo-European languages. (Compare the words for rabbit in the Germanic and Slavic languages given below.)

Some language families, such as Indo-European, have been exhaustively studied over the past century and are well-established by linguists, while others, such as Amerind and Altaic, are far more controversial. This web site is not attempting to make definitive statements on the classification of languages! More controversial language families have been adopted here merely as a convenience. Remember, it's all for fun!

A note on submissions

If you speak a particular variety of a language (e.g., Swiss German and Bavarian are varieties of German), please be sure to include this information in your e-mail. This is a great help when sorting out multiple submissions for one language. Please send your words for rabbit For languages written in a non-Roman script, feel free to include a gif or jpg of the word written in the native script.

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Afro-Asiatic
  (languages spoken in Northern Africa and the Middle East)
  Cushitic    
  Somali bakayle  
  Arabic arneb
    araanib
    arnab  
    arnab bari (wild rabbit)
    arnob (bunny - baby rabbit)
  Hebrew arnevet (hare)
    arnavon/arnavoni (little sweet bunny)
    shafan  
  Maltese fenek (rabbit)
    fenek abjad (white rabbit)
    fenek iswed (black rabbit)
    zermug (baby rabbit
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Altaic
  (languages spoken in Turkey, Central Asia, Siberia and East Asia)
      East Asian    
  Japanese usagi
  Korean toki  
  San Toki ('Mountain Rabbit') is a popular children's song:
'Mountain Rabbit, Rabbit/ where are you going?/As you hop hop hop,/ where are you going?
 
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      Turkic    
  Kazakh kenek  
  Turkish oda tava_ani  
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Amerind
  (includes most of the indigenous languages of North and South America)
Algonquian
     
  Ojibwe waabooz  
Iroquoian
     
   Cherokee tsi s du Penutian  
   Chinook quetshadee  
Siouan
     
   Dakota mastinca  
Aztecan
     
   Nahuatl ometochtli  
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Austroasiatic
   Vietnamese tho  
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Austronesian
  (languages spoken in Taiwan, Oceania, Madagascar and Hawai'i)
Malayo-Polynesian
     
  Bahasa Malaysia arnab  
Hawaiian lapaki  
  Indonesian kelinci  
  Maori raapeti  
  Malagasy bitro  
  Malay kelintji arnab  
  Tagalog kuneho  
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Dravidian
 (languages spoken mostly in southern India and Sri Lanka)
  Tamil muyal  
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Eskimo-Aleut
 (languages spoken in northern Alaska, Canada and Greenland)
  Eskimo ukalerk  
  Eskimo (Inupiaq) ukulaitchiaq olark  
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Kadai
 (languages spoken in Southeast Asia)
  Thai gra-dty  
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Indo-European
 (languages historically spoken in Europe, West Asia and the Subcontinent)
 
Albanian
     
  Albanian lepur (hare)  
    lepurush (bunny)  
Armenian
     
  Armenian (Western) nabastak  
  Armenian (Classical) napastak  
Baltic
     
  Latvian trusis zakis (hare)  
  Lithuanian kralikas zuikutis (small bunny rabbit)
Celtic
     
  Irish coinân giorria (hare)  
  Cornish conyn conynas (plural)
  Manx coneeyn conning (bunny)
  Gaelic coineanach coineagan coineanach an taighe
      (house rabbit)
  Welsh cwningen  
Germanic
     
  Afrikanns haas (hare)  
    konyn  
  Bavarian kinihÔs  
  Danish kanin  
  Dutch haas (hare)  
    konijn (bunny)  
    konijntje (bunny)  
    nijntje (used as an affectionate term.)
    Also a famous cartoon rabbit in Holland.
  English (Archaic) coney  
  Flanders keun  
  Flemish konijn keun  
  Frisian (Wester Lauwer) knyn hazze (hare)  
  German Kaninchen (rabbit)  
    Hase (hare)  
  Icelandic kanina  
  Norwegian (BokmÔl) kanin  
  Swedish kanin  
  Swiss German Hassli (small hare)  
    Chungel  
  Swiss German (Basel region) ChÉngel  
  Yiddish krolik  
Hellenic
     
  Greek (Modern) kouneli  
  Greek (Classical) lagos  
Indic
     
  Bengali chorgosh  
  Gujarati saslu  
  Hindi khargosh  
  Classical Sanskrit shashaka  
  Vedic Sanskrit shasha  
  Sinhalese haava haapetiya (baby rabbit)
  Urdu kargosh  
Iranian
     
  Kurdish karwesh (literally, 'donkey ears')
  Persian (Farsi) khargoosh
      (literally, 'donkey ears')
Italic
     
  Aragonese coniello  
  Catalan conill  
  French lapin lapereau (young rabbit)
    lapin de clapier (tame rabbit)
  Italian coniglio  
    coniglietto (bunny)
  Latin cuniculus  
    Was also used for soldiers who dug tunnels
    cuniculosus (full of rabbits)
    lepus (hare)
  Portuguese* coelho  
    coelha (female rabbit)
    coelhinho (little rabbit)
    lebre (female hare)
    lebrÉo (male hare)
  *Note: several of our documents are available in Portugese.
  Romanian iepure iepura (bunny)
    iepurime (warren of rabbits)
    iepuroaica (female rabbit)
    iepuroi (male rabbit)
  Spanish conejo conejito (little rabbit)
Slavic
     
  Bulgarian zayek (rabbit, hare)
  Czech kralik kralicek (little rabbit)
      also used for 'young king'
  Croatian kunic zets  
  Macedonian zajak zajache zajko  
  Montenegrian zec  
  Polish królik  
    króliczek (bunny)
  Russian krolik zayets zaychek (endearing form for bunny)
  Serbian kunit  
  Slovak králik  
  Slovene kunec zajec (hare)
  *Note: the word zajec or diminuitive zajcek is more generally used for both species. It can also be a person's first name.
 
  Ukranian kril' kri-lyk (domesticated)
    kri-lyky (domesticated, plural)
    zaichyk (endearment)
    za-yats'  
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Niger-Kordofanian
 (languages spoken in West and Central Africa)
Bantu
     
  Lozi shakame  
  Swahili sungura  
  Swati umgwaja  
  Xhosa umvundia  
  Zulu unogwaja  
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Nilo-Saharan
 (languages spoken in the Sahara and Central Africa)
  Lwo apwoyo  
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Sino-Tibetan
 (languages spoken in Mainland China, Taiwan and Southeast Asia)
Burmic
     
  Burmese youn
Sinitic
     
  Cantonese pak toi (white rabbit)
    yah toi (wild rabbit)
    toi bao bao (baby rabbit)
  Chinese (Mandarin) tu zi (rabbit)
    baitu (white rabbit)
    xiao baitu (little white rabbit)
  Taiwanese to-ah  
Tibeto-Karen
     
  Tibetan reepong
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Uralic
 (languages spoken in northern Scandanavia, Finland, Estonia, Hungary and Siberia)
Finno-Ugric
     
  Estonian kodu-janes (tame hare)
  Finnish jšnis kani pupu means bunny  
  Hungarian házinyúl  
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Language Isolates
(Language isolates are languages which have no clear connections with any other language. They are found throughout the world.)
  Basque konejoak  
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Artificial Languages
  Esperanto kuniklo  

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